Learning from the past is what New Delhi based Architect Rajendra Kumar recommends while planning for Green, Energy Efficient Buildings.
In today globalised era, the aspects of Green Architecture, Sustainable design, Ecological Architecture etc look new vocabulary and feel like very contemporary word. But the fact is that essences of these words are as old as human being and our living. Be it, old system of great Bath design, and human habitation around nature due to mutual dependency on each other. All were based on sustainable living.
Sustainable design is Attitude: It’s not about following the norms of Green Building Design check list.
We have hundreds of check lists of latest green rating systems of Green Building design. In today’s time, many green rating systems are there which claim, to define building’s efficiency of green, sustainable design etc.
When Fatehpur Sikri was designed in 16th Century that time there were no green building rating system. But still Fatehpur Sikri complex is one of best green building we can see comparing today’s green rated and certified buildings. That forces us to think, we architect, designers, contractors should re think about the meaning of green design. If we are true to project, its surroundings, its demands, intention of user friendly design, respect of nature and ecological balance our design will comply as rating system.
In Rajasthan village of court yard houses, abodes in Leh, houses in Yemen, small tent houses of deserts all are need based customized design and very much reflection of nature responsive design.
In today globalization period when any fascinating skyline or image of city or building is just click away and very easily accessible by clients or designers. We some time forget that such fascinating skylines are made for that part of words. Its reflections and outcome of that part of context whether it is climate or technology or aesthetic etc. If we see India’s skyline of Gurgaon, Mumbai, Bangalore all are witnessing the attempts of Shanghai of India, Singapore of India, Manhattan of India etc. Whenever, you travel to these cities and cross such gigantic structure, you cannot stop yourself rethinking about its impact on street. And biggest surprise comes to you when you know that one of these buildings is Gold or Platinum rated Green Buildings. Where are we now?
Another responsible factor of such rapid change of shift from climate responsiveness to aesthetic competition is due to less time in design process and force from market to deliver project as fast as possible. Designs are now taken place in side. Its commercialization of building industry provides very limited scope of belongingness of building. Developer’s wants to sell and do away from belongingness of buildings. In this touch situation, architect’s responsibility has increased much higher than old era. But in these races of replica of west’s structure, we have few great master piece of design.
What are the approaches we should think, when we talk about Green Design.
– First of all we need to have design which is reflection of contexts in terms of design, materials, forms and functions, use of limited resources of vernacular contexts.
– It should be nature and climatic responsive design. Vastu Shastra, Feng Sui all talks about direct or indirect way about respect of nature whether it is sun, water or air. Building Design should reflect the answer climate control for comfortable living and atmosphere inside of building or its impact on outside of building.
If we follow above two basic intentions of approach of design kind, it covers almost every kind of latest green building rating system of any world, any agency.
For me the best check list of rating of green building design will be as follows:
In case of total power failure, how much time, I can use my building’s spaces without air-condition.
But sad part is that in today’s time, buildings efficiency is judged on the basis of how much time building can sustain in case of power failure by means of technologically installations.
(Ar.Rajendra Kumar is New Delhi based architect. He is graduated from Chandigarh College of Architecture and Post Gradation from Politecnico Di Milano, Italy. He has worked in Spain, China, and Italy before starting his practice in India. He has worked on projects of commercial complex, townships, high end villas, hotel, etc. He has delivered lecture in many national and international seminars, conferences. He has written number of articles in Indian and International architecture magazines, journals. He is visiting faculty at CCA, Chandigarh, MBS SPA, New Delhi and GCAD, Sonipat.)